Gold, that of course, has been used since ancient times for its value (beauty, durability,…) was a symbol of the sun.
Rings made of gold, exchanged during the wedding celebration symbolize:
our love is indestructible like gold, without ending like the ring
Silver symbolizes the moon and purity.
The symbolism for diamonds must be sought in its hardness. Also a diamond makes invincible and is regarded as a symbol of the hero and absolute power. Diamonds would also symbolize the fortitude and sustainability of marriage if set in a ring.
Until the 14th century, diamond would almost exclusively be used as an amulet. Only later for its brilliance after the development of the facet cut.
The symbolism of the other gems must be sought in its colour
The red colour of ruby, reminiscent of blood and fire, symbolizes courage, victory, love and is a royal sign par excellence.
The ruby was often mounted together with a diamond in the so-called “twin rings” where it symbolizes love in marriage.
The blue colour of sapphire is considered a sign of truth, sincerity and continuity. The sapphire is the stone of peace and reflection. The stone would also give protection at sea and at night. The sapphire was known, in the Middle Ages, as a protector of virginity and as a discoverer of deceit.
The blue color of lapis lazuli is reminiscent of the sky and thus symbolizes the mediation between the heavenly and earthly powers.
The green colour of emerald is reminiscent of the revival of nature in the spring. That is why it is a symbol of hope and eternal life
The emerald protects marriage, gives fertility and preserves health.
Because of its mysterious colour palette, the opal was formerly regarded as a lucky charm by many peoples. He would be sensitive to emotions; discolour in the vicinity of an enemy and turn red in the vicinity of a friend.
The violet-coloured amethyst combines the blue colour of the sky and the red colour of the blood of Christ and became the episcopal stone from the Renaissance. His wine colour will certainly be the cause of the magical power of the stone, namely to protect against drunkenness.
Topaz is a symbol of friendship and loyalty
The beautiful, somewhat mysterious sheen of the natural pearls symbolized wisdom and virginity.
Amber and coral are common in regional jewels. Corals were associated, by their colour, with the blood circulation of people and would offer protection against misfortune and evil. Coral amulets apply, throughout whole Europe, as a defense against the evil gaze. Especially when coral is worn around the neck, it creates a magical belt that can ward off all harmful influences. Also children received corals in the form of rattles, chains and bracelets that had to protect them against negative influences.
Amulets in amber were a good remedy for tooth pain, particularly in children who started to get teeth.