A deeper meaning in jewellery… part 2 – gold and gemstones

Gold, that of course, has been used since ancient times for its value (beauty, durability,…) was a symbol of the sun.
Rings made of gold, exchanged during the wedding celebration symbolize:

our love is indestructible like gold, without ending like the ring

Silver symbolizes the moon and purity.
The symbolism for diamonds must be sought in its hardness. Also a diamond makes invincible and is regarded as a symbol of the hero and absolute power. Diamonds would also symbolize the fortitude and sustainability of marriage if set in a ring.

By Mario Sarto – own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1015397

Until the 14th century, diamond would almost exclusively be used as an amulet. Only later for its brilliance after the development of the facet cut.

The symbolism of the other gems must be sought in its colour

The red colour of ruby, reminiscent of blood and fire, symbolizes courage, victory, love and is a royal sign par excellence.

By Humanfeather – own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6969673

The ruby ​​was often mounted together with a diamond in the so-called “twin rings” where it symbolizes love in marriage.

The blue colour of sapphire is considered a sign of truth, sincerity and continuity. The sapphire is the stone of peace and reflection. The stone would also give protection at sea and at night. The sapphire was known, in the Middle Ages, as a protector of virginity and as a discoverer of deceit.

By LesFacettes – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=17266322

The blue color of lapis lazuli is reminiscent of the sky and thus symbolizes the mediation between the heavenly and earthly powers.

lapis lazuli
Lapis lazuli from Afghanistan in its natural state, by Hannes Grobe – Own work, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3415430

The green colour of emerald is reminiscent of the revival of nature in the spring. That is why it is a symbol of hope and eternal life

The emerald protects marriage, gives fertility and preserves health.

CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=936422

Because of its mysterious colour palette, the opal was formerly regarded as a lucky charm by many peoples. He would be sensitive to emotions; discolour in the vicinity of an enemy and turn red in the vicinity of a friend.

opal diamant pendant
By Doxymo – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=39508773

The violet-coloured amethyst combines the blue colour of the sky and the red colour of the blood of Christ and became the episcopal stone from the Renaissance. His wine colour will certainly be the cause of the magical power of the stone, namely to protect against drunkenness.

By Wela49, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=424189

Topaz is a symbol of friendship and loyalty

topaz gemstones
Topaz gemstones in various colours
By Michelle Jo – Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9725342

The beautiful, somewhat mysterious sheen of the natural pearls symbolized wisdom and virginity.

By Georg Oleschinski/Inst. f. Paläont., Uni Bonn – German wikipedia de:Bild:PerlmuttAusst.jpg, CC BY-SA 2.0 de, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1144303

Amber and coral are common in regional jewels. Corals were associated, by their colour, with the blood circulation of people and would offer protection against misfortune and evil. Coral amulets apply, throughout whole Europe, as a defense against the evil gaze. Especially when coral is worn around the neck, it creates a magical belt that can ward off all harmful influences. Also children received corals in the form of rattles, chains and bracelets that had to protect them against negative influences.

coral rattle teether
Image thanks to http://www.sellingantiques.co.uk

Amulets in amber were a good remedy for tooth pain, particularly in children who started to get teeth.

If you are interested to read more about the history of jewellery… stay tuned for the last part, later this week.
The first part was publiced earlier this week.